Scab threat hangs over apple orchards in Kashmir – Jammu Kashmir Latest News | Tourism

Suhail Bhat
SRINAGAR, April 22: As the threat of apple scab looms over the apple orchards of Kashmir, the Department of Horticulture has warned apple growers to follow proper spraying program to avoid early onset of apple scab infection. scab.
Continued rains disrupted the spray schedule and increased the risk of scab infection on apple trees, which affected almost 40% of the crop last year. “Because constant rain can wash away sprays, allowing infection to develop on leaves and spread to the crop, the department is taking no chances this time and is urging growers to be vigilant and stick to the schedule. of spraying released,” an official with the horticulture department said.
According to arborists, although scab is not widespread in orchards, some traces encourage producers to be extra careful. “At the moment there are traces of scab in some places, but the apple orchards are safe for the moment. We have to be more careful this time,” said Basit Ahmad, an arborist.
He went on to say that it is too early to speculate on the extent of scab spread as the fruit is so small, but “signs of scab on leaves or fruit at this stage means it will cause more damage than last year”. “On the other hand, normal temperature and repeated spraying would play a huge role in containing the disease,” he said.
Growers have complained that although market enforcement teams are more active this time around, fake chemicals are still being sold in different parts of the valley. “The main reason for widespread scabies last year was fake chemicals, and that has prompted officials to stay active this year. But some people are still selling substandard chemicals, so more needs to be done,” said said another producer.
A horticulture department official told Excelsior he had issued an advisory to apple growers and asked them to spray fungicides to prevent scab injury and other diseases in the crop.
He said that in areas where apple orchards are in the pink bud stage, spray one of the following fungicides, which include Zineb 68% + Hexaconazole 4rWP @ 100gm/100 Liters of water; Dodine 65 WP @ 60 g/100 liters of water; Dodine 40SC @ 90 ml/100 liters of water; Fluxapyroxad 250g/1 + Pyraclostrobin (250g/1) 500 SC @ 20ml/100 Liters of water.
At the petal fall stage, spray anyone with the following fungicides: Difenaconazole 25 EC @ 30 ml/100 liters of water; Flusilazole 40 EC @ 20 ml/100 liters of water; Trifloxystrobin 25% + Tebuconazole 50 uWG @ 40g/100 liters of water.
He informed us that the bloom stage spray should be done if scab lesions are seen and the arborists did the previous spray more than 10 days ago. “A low-volume (mist-type) sprayer should be used for spraying during bloom,” he added.
He urged apple growers to ensure good drainage to avoid stagnation of water in their orchards. “To ensure sanitation of the orchard by the destruction of weeds and grass. They should not continuously repeat the same fungicide in two sprays,” he also added.

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