Poultry – D Sharma http://dsharma.org/ Wed, 04 May 2022 05:06:01 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://dsharma.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/10/icon-6-120x120.png Poultry – D Sharma http://dsharma.org/ 32 32 Poultry Raiding Dog Sparks New Family Businesses | Business https://dsharma.org/poultry-raiding-dog-sparks-new-family-businesses-business/ Wed, 04 May 2022 05:06:01 +0000 https://dsharma.org/poultry-raiding-dog-sparks-new-family-businesses-business/ Ainsworth and Addia Brown’s journey into farming and agribusiness began with the neighbor’s raging dog. The five weeks they spent feeding and caring for 2,000 chickens that they intended to sell to one of the largest chicken farmers on the island, came to naught in a one night when the neighbor’s dog broke into the […]]]>

Ainsworth and Addia Brown’s journey into farming and agribusiness began with the neighbor’s raging dog.

The five weeks they spent feeding and caring for 2,000 chickens that they intended to sell to one of the largest chicken farmers on the island, came to naught in a one night when the neighbor’s dog broke into the chicken coop.

Ainsworth, who had worked as an electrical engineer for most of his career before taking a leap of faith into animal farming in 2009, woke up to the appalling sight the next morning. None of the chickens he raised as a source of income for his growing family survived the attack.

His business with the poultry producer was put on hold, as was a cash inflow he was expecting to care for the 8,700 animals he still had on the top floor of the two-tier chicken coop.

The dog’s owners provided little help and the community vendor who had promised to help provide feed for the next batch of chickens, if they got into trouble, changed his mind.

“We planned to start the business with 10,700 chickens. We had just modernized the chicken coop and the slaughterhouse and we had 2,000 chickens that had come to term. We were advised to take loans, but we said no because we had savings, so we invested all our money. But we had a big loss, somebody’s dog ran away and killed all the birds,” Ainsworth recalled in an interview with the financial gleaner.

“When we were spending the last of our money, we had a chat with the food supplier in case we had any difficulties, we would like them to advance us some food to complete the order and they said yes. But after the incident, they changed their minds and we had to watch the chickens eat each other,” he said, the memory of that terrible night still fresh, even though more than a decade passed. has elapsed.

DECISION TO MOVE

As the pressure mounted on Ainsworth over his crumbling business, he also had other worries. His wife, Addia, was pregnant with their first boy, Ainsworth Jr.

She too was tired of the ups and downs they faced, and hoping to find the comfort and inspiration they needed to start their new chapter, the couple moved to higher ground in St Mary’s, in a place called Three Hills.

There, Ainsworth would put to use the farming skills his father had instilled in him from an early age and Addia would also discover his passion for agribusiness.

“It was a stressful time for us. We lost $13 million because of this incident, but looking back, it was a blessing for us as well,” said Ainsworth, now CEO of AA Farms.

St Mary’s parish is widely known for the production of bananas, sugar cane, citrus fruits, cocoa and chilli. Within months, Ainsworth had found therapy cultivating the 10-acre land they had leased from the government. But he was no stranger to wielding a machete and tilling the soil. At a tender age, Ainsworth was taught sustainable farming techniques by his father and grandfather, farming practices that are used to guide his operations today, he said.

“When I was in high school, I was always interested in medicine, so I studied science as well as electricity. My career options were to become a doctor or an electrical engineer, and for 17 years I worked with the Sampol engineering company in Jamaica and overseas.

“But I have always loved agriculture, my father and grandfather were herbalists so I started learning about plants, the benefits, how to use them, prepare them and store them from an early age,” he says, knowledge he shares with his three children. Rebecca, Ainsworth Jr and Anthonyo Brown.

Ainsworth’s journey into commercial farming began with lemongrass, a cash crop in high demand, especially in the tea-making industry, that took little time to mature. Over time, Ainsworth added thyme, bananas, plantains, jackfruit, sugarcane, coconut, tomatoes, onions, among other crops, to market them on a commercial scale. .

In February 2020, he registered the business, AA Farms, and gradually increased volume production through contract farming agreements with neighboring farmers.

As her husband increased the variety of crops on AA farms and made new arrangements, Addia pondered how she could incorporate herbs into her cosmetology business. Her work as a hair, nail and skincare specialist has allowed her to flirt with natural ingredients. So when she was given the opportunity to formulate her own hair growth and rejuvenation products, she spared no effort to get to work.

Certainly there were successes and failures, but as new raw materials became available and she developed a deeper understanding of the production processes with the help of a local and international agricultural consultant, product quality has improved.

ADDIA’S CONTRIBUTION

Over time, Addia’s Essential Oil became a brand of AA Farms under which the couple produces essential, cold-pressed and therapeutic oils. The oils range from rosemary, coconut, lemongrass, peppermint, moringa, and avocado oils, to name a few. After perfecting its oils, Addia branched out into the production of herbal and fruit-based moringa and avocado soap bars and hydrosols.

The demand for essential oils in Jamaica is north of US$40 million per year. At least 90% of the essential oils consumed in Jamaica are imported, but state-owned Jamaica Business Development Corporation, JBDC, is pumping $50 million into building the essential oils unit at JBDC’s Incubator Resource Center in Kingston . The agency plans to reach the goal of US$1 million by the fourth year of the program, to partially block imports to the island.

Addia’s oils are packaged in 15ml, 30ml, 2oz, 8oz and 16oz bottles that are retailed in pharmacies and salons nationwide.

“The oil line keeps growing. Recently, we launched the hair-key scalp solution and are reformulating our ginger and chili oil. We are working with an international company to perfect the product,” said Addia, Sales and Marketing Manager at AA Farms.

Contractors also supply bulk to local manufacturers like Morgan’s Creek.

“We started making the oils from the herbs and but with Ainsworth’s background in electrical engineering, I wanted to learn how to do distillation. He researched and created a distilling machine for the company,” she said.

The duo dream of entering international markets, with eyes on diaspora markets like the US, Canada and the UK. But that requires investment in a larger treatment facility, which would be five times the size of the treatment facility the couple currently use.

Ainsworth set a budget of US$1.3 million and a three-year deadline to complete the processing facility, pending construction approvals. The plan is to quadruple the company’s current production figures initially, which would be enough, he says, to comfortably supply local Addia Essential Oil customers and to dip its toes into the international market.

The building, which will be used for processing, packaging and storage, will cover 8,000 square feet.

“Our demand is strong and growing. We need to upgrade our equipment to produce 10 times more than we currently produce. It is moving forward but slowly as we seek funding, possible to partner with an investor,” Ainsworth said.

But expanding the essential oil business isn’t the only business the couple are pursuing. Ainsworth and Addia also dream of erecting a health and wellness center, a project they plan to spend an additional US$700,000 on.

Ainsworth wants the new treatment facility to be operational in five years, along with the health and wellness centre. The first phase will see the construction of four bedrooms, each equipped to accommodate one or two visiting parents. In the second phase, AA Farms will add six more bedrooms.

The company will promote its oils and herbal medicine as part of the service offerings of the health and wellness center which caters to both local and international clients.

“It’s about treating sick people and getting therapy no matter what situation they’re facing,” Ainsworth said.

karena.bennett@gleanerjm.com

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Poultry show ban continues as bird flu spreads | News https://dsharma.org/poultry-show-ban-continues-as-bird-flu-spreads-news/ Tue, 03 May 2022 12:00:00 +0000 https://dsharma.org/poultry-show-ban-continues-as-bird-flu-spreads-news/ Highly pathogenic bird flu, a highly contagious, deadly disease similar to poultry flu, has been spreading across the state since February. Later in April, New York saw the disease in eight domestic flocks – one commercial, one of captive wild birds and the rest being backyard flocks, according to Amy Barkley, animal husbandry specialist and […]]]>

Highly pathogenic bird flu, a highly contagious, deadly disease similar to poultry flu, has been spreading across the state since February.

Later in April, New York saw the disease in eight domestic flocks – one commercial, one of captive wild birds and the rest being backyard flocks, according to Amy Barkley, animal husbandry specialist and rookie for the Southwest. New York Dairy, Livestock and Cornell Cooperative Extension Field Crop Program.

More than 10,000 birds have died or been euthanized, Barkley said.

“These positives started in the eastern region of the state, but moved west over the spring,” she said. “Positive domestic birds have been confirmed in Dutchess, Fulton, Orleans, Monroe, Suffolk and Ulster counties. Positive wild birds have been identified in Cayuga, Seneca, Suffolk and Wayne counties.

She said the most recent cases in domestic flocks in New York were identified in the first week of April.

New York Agriculture Commissioner Richard Ball announced March 25 that the state is banning all live poultry shows and displays to stop the potential spread of avian flu. This meant that fairs, public hatching events, poultry shows and other similar events would not be allowed until further notice.

On April 14, the ban was expanded to include all poultry auctions and other events where people can buy, sell, barter or barter poultry. The reasoning behind this update was the same as the original advice in March: limit the gathering of poultry from different farms and farms to reduce the spread of disease.

“At this time, the ban does not include individual farms selling poultry, farm supply stores, chicks shipped into the state from hatcheries, poultry processors who operate under a 5A or USDA exemption or live bird markets,” Barkley said.

Although both bans are in effect until further notice, the situation will be reassessed at the end of May, she added.

In the meantime, it is important that poultry owners remain on high alert for any unusual illnesses or deaths in their poultry flocks.

Symptoms including death without apparent cause; lack of energy or appetite; a sudden drop in egg production or an increase in the number of eggs with malformed shells, swelling of the head, comb, eyelids, wattles and hocks; purple discoloration of wattles, combs and legs; runny nose, coughing and sneezing; loss of coordination and diarrhea can all be symptoms of the virus.

Any suspected disease may be reported to the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets at (518) 457-3502 or the United States Department of Agriculture at (866) 536-7593.

“We understand this is a difficult time, but together we will get through this,” Barkley said. “If you are a herd owner or community member and have questions, please contact your local Cornell Cooperative Extension office for assistance.”

Last week, a Colorado man reportedly tested positive for H5 avian influenza in the first confirmed case of a human infected with the disease in the United States.

The patient – an inmate at a state correctional facility – was involved in the slaughter of poultry suspected of having H5N1 avian flu, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The case was reported by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment and confirmed by the CDC.

Health officials have been tracking the health of more than 2,500 people potentially exposed to H5N1-infected birds, and the Colorado man is the only reported case in the United States. This is also the second human case associated with this specific group of H5 viruses, which are currently predominant.

In December 2021, a person in the UK became the first known confirmed case of H5N1 infection, according to the CDC. The person was also asymptomatic and had been in direct contact with infected birds.

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Government approves import of 0.55 tonnes of GM soybean meal to help poultry industry https://dsharma.org/government-approves-import-of-0-55-tonnes-of-gm-soybean-meal-to-help-poultry-industry/ Sun, 01 May 2022 21:50:00 +0000 https://dsharma.org/government-approves-import-of-0-55-tonnes-of-gm-soybean-meal-to-help-poultry-industry/ The government has approved the import of about 0.55 million tonnes (mt) of genetically modified (GM) soybean meal, a key ingredient in poultry feed. According to a memo from the Department of Consumer Affairs, shipments of soybean meal must be imported by September 30, 2022. In August 2021, on an exceptional basis due to domestic […]]]>

The government has approved the import of about 0.55 million tonnes (mt) of genetically modified (GM) soybean meal, a key ingredient in poultry feed.

According to a memo from the Department of Consumer Affairs, shipments of soybean meal must be imported by September 30, 2022.

In August 2021, on an exceptional basis due to domestic supply constraints, the government had authorized the import of 1.2 tons of GM soybean meal to help the poultry industry cope with rising prices of Food for animals. But only about 0.6 tons could be imported due to time constraints. Soy flour is mainly imported from Argentina.

The poultry industry had asked the government to allow the balance of 0.6 tonnes of soybean meal from last year this year. Ricky Thaper, treasurer of the Poultry Federation of India, said imports would help bring prices down, helping to lower the cost of feed.

Earlier in the week, the Soybean Processor Association of India (SOPA) said importing soybean meal would be “counterproductive” and depress the domestic price of soybeans.

“India has sufficient stock of soybean meal and import would negatively impact the crushing of soybean crop which is expected to start from October 2022 after harvesting of kharif crop,” it had been told. FE DN Pathak, Executive Secretary of SOPA.

Lower domestic prices are expected to hit farmers the hardest, Pathak said. Currently, soybean prices are hovering around Rs 6,800 per quintal against a minimum support price (MSP) of Rs 3,950 per quintal.

SOPA’s Pathak said the poultry industry‘s estimated annual demand of 9 tons is rather high. The processors body had estimated that the annual demand for soybean meal for the poultry industry was 5 to 6 tons.

In a communication to Atul Chaturvedi, Secretary of the Ministry of Livestock, SOPA said that at the end of the current season which ends in September 2022, the country will have a carryover stock of 2 tons of soybeans. not crushed before new kharif crops. arrived.

“There is no justification for importing soybean meal as higher domestic prices for soybeans and soybean meal are a reality,” the SOPA communication said.

Of the total soybean production in the country, 81% is used as soybean meal while 18% is extracted as oil and the rest is considered as processing losses. Currently, domestic soybean meal prices are around Rs 68,000 per ton, while imported prices are currently around Rs 58,000 per ton, which includes 16% import duty.

The Ministry of Agriculture has estimated the country’s soybean production for the 2021-22 crop year (July-June) at 13.12 tons, while according to SOPA’s estimate, the production is around 11, 88 tons.

Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan contribute over 90% of India’s soybean production.

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12 Ways Poultry Farmers Can Fight Net Zero https://dsharma.org/12-ways-poultry-farmers-can-fight-net-zero/ Sat, 30 Apr 2022 06:08:18 +0000 https://dsharma.org/12-ways-poultry-farmers-can-fight-net-zero/ Changes to diets, improvements in genetics and health, and redesigning the use of poultry manure and bedding all have the potential to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. GHG emissions in the poultry sector largely result from feed production, with feed manufacturing, handling and transportation accounting for around 70% of the sector’s carbon footprint, according to […]]]>

Changes to diets, improvements in genetics and health, and redesigning the use of poultry manure and bedding all have the potential to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.

GHG emissions in the poultry sector largely result from feed production, with feed manufacturing, handling and transportation accounting for around 70% of the sector’s carbon footprint, according to data from the UK National Inventory.

There is clearly room to improve on this figure, but which mitigation strategies have the greatest potential and how do their costs compare?

See also: 9 steps to reduce carbon emissions in poultry farms

Reduction of emissions

Research into a number of carbon reduction solutions has been carried out by a group of scientists from the Center for Innovation and Excellence in Livestock (Ciel), led by Professor Elizabeth Magowan of the Institute of Agribusiness and biosciences.

The study showed that genetic improvement could be an inexpensive way to reduce nitrous oxide emissions and would also be very easy to implement now.

In contrast, using poultry litter as fuel instead of fertilizer would be a difficult and expensive strategy, although it may also bring other benefits such as reduced odors and ammonia emissions.

The results focused on three key areas: the animal itself, feed and fertilizer (see below).

Expert opinion Tom Gill, responsible for sustainable development at Promar

Feed is a key area for reducing emissions from poultry, with many strategies applicable to both broilers and laying hens, says Tom Gill, sustainability manager at Promar.

Mr Gill co-authored a recent report for the British Free Range Egg Producers Association (Bfrepa), the first phase of which focused specifically on net zero and environmental sustainability.

It offers some tips on adapting eating strategies to encompass the net zero goal.

Use of alternative ingredients

The focus here is on soybeans, and I think there will be increased expectations over the next three years for producers to significantly reduce their emissions from animal feed.

Traditionally, much of the protein in poultry feed comes from soy sources.

However, it has a very high carbon cost, with emissions estimated between 9kg and 15kg CO2e/kg [carbon dioxide equivalent a kilogram] for soybeans.

Getting to a place where alternative products are regularly used in the diet, without affecting the health or welfare of the birds, may not yet be entirely achievable, but progress is being made to find new solutions.

This includes the use of rapeseed meal, sunflower meal, lupins, triticale and even insect protein, which could replace some of the soybeans.

Work is also underway on how certain cover crops can be harvested and the seeds heat-treated to become a high-impact protein source.

However, the efficacy and effect on bird welfare is mixed.

For example, there is evidence that a poor source of protein can lead to more infighting within the herd, which then impacts meat or egg production.

In theory, using alternative protein sources has the potential to make a huge difference to your carbon footprint, but it’s important to make sure they add up economically too.

It is also not legislatively clear when some of these alternatives may become an option.

In the report produced for Bfrepa, early estimates – based on food formulation using modeling of IPCC emissions data – for replacing soy with alternative sources indicated a potential reduction in emissions of 60%.

Precision feeding and management

While implementing precision feeding and management is not yet possible, the key first step for producers is to work with feed companies and nutritionists to begin to determine what this might look like. .

Before embracing any automation or precision, it is important to ensure efficiency from a dietary perspective and balance the possibility of including foods such as amino acids and synthetics – as well as sources of replacement protein for soy.

It is also very important to work on the contract specifications to understand if there are any restrictions or expectations that may affect the ability to make changes.

That said, any automation that comes into play will likely require some capital investment, and with the challenges the industry is currently facing, I’m not sure there’s an appetite for it yet.

So right now I think the biggest opportunity to tackle emissions is through nutrition and diet composition.

The poultry sector at a glance

This article takes as its starting point the recent report of the Center for Innovation Excellence in Livestock Net Zero and Livestock: How Farmers Can Reduce Emissionswho gives an overview of the poultry sector:

  • The UK poultry industry has enjoyed huge growth, with the total value of poultry meat and eggs totaling £3.5billion in 2020
  • This is dominated by meat production, with the poultry sector accounting for around 13% of UK gross agricultural output.
  • Specific challenges for poultry include nitrogen, ammonia and phosphorus emissions
  • Feed production – processing and transport – is the largest contributor to the poultry sector’s carbon footprint (for egg and meat production), totaling around 70% of all emissions.
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Ukraine accuses Russia of stealing grain from the occupied zone https://dsharma.org/ukraine-accuses-russia-of-stealing-grain-from-the-occupied-zone/ Fri, 29 Apr 2022 11:00:09 +0000 https://dsharma.org/ukraine-accuses-russia-of-stealing-grain-from-the-occupied-zone/ Russian soldiers accused of stealing 61 tonnes of wheat April 29, 2022 2 minute read Ukraine on Thursday accused Russia of stealing grain from the territory it occupies, an act it says has increased the threat to global food security posed by disruptions to spring plantings and the blockage of Ukrainian ports during the war, […]]]>

Russian soldiers accused of stealing 61 tonnes of wheat


April 29, 2022

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2 minute read

Ukraine on Thursday accused Russia of stealing grain from the territory it occupies, an act it says has increased the threat to global food security posed by disruptions to spring plantings and the blockage of Ukrainian ports during the war, Reuters reported.

Asked about the allegations, the Kremlin said it had no information about it.

Ukraine’s Foreign Ministry said in a written statement that it “strongly condemns the criminal actions of the Russian Federation in the so-called expropriation of crops from farmers in the Kherson region” in southern Ukraine. .

He gave no further details of the alleged grain theft in the Kherson region, whose main town has been occupied by Russian forces since the first days of the Russian invasion on February 24.

“The looting of grain from the Kherson region, as well as the blocking of shipments from Ukrainian ports and the exploitation of shipping lanes, threaten global food security,” he said.

“We demand that Russia stop the illegal theft of grain, unblock Ukrainian ports, restore freedom of navigation and allow the passage of merchant ships.”

Ukraine’s prosecutor general’s office said in a separate statement that it had opened a criminal investigation into allegations that Russian soldiers, threatening violence, took away 61 tonnes of wheat from an agricultural company in the region on April 26. from Zaporizhzhia, in southern Ukraine.

Reuters was unable to immediately verify the claim.

Asked by Reuters if the Kremlin had any information on Ukraine’s accusations, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov replied via messaging app Telegram: “No. We don’t know where this information comes from. “.

According to data from the International Grains Council, Ukraine was the world’s fourth largest grain exporter in the 2020/21 season, selling 44.7 million tonnes abroad. The volume of exports has fallen sharply since the Russian invasion.

“Through its illegal actions, Russia is robbing not only Ukraine but also consumers abroad. The United Nations estimates that around 1.7 billion people could face poverty and hunger due to disruptions food as a result of a full-scale war waged by Russia against Ukraine,” the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry said.

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Pitman Farms to expand Stratford poultry operation | John Lindt | Business https://dsharma.org/pitman-farms-to-expand-stratford-poultry-operation-john-lindt-business/ Thu, 28 Apr 2022 01:00:00 +0000 https://dsharma.org/pitman-farms-to-expand-stratford-poultry-operation-john-lindt-business/ Sanger-based Pitman Farms plans to expand a Stratford poultry farm if approved by the County Planning Commission on May 2. The applicant is proposing a sevenfold expansion of an existing 249,300 chicken poultry farm to include an additional 1,451,250 chickens, for a new total of approximately 1,700,550 chickens. The project includes the construction of 1,182,758 […]]]>

Sanger-based Pitman Farms plans to expand a Stratford poultry farm if approved by the County Planning Commission on May 2. The applicant is proposing a sevenfold expansion of an existing 249,300 chicken poultry farm to include an additional 1,451,250 chickens, for a new total of approximately 1,700,550 chickens.

The project includes the construction of 1,182,758 square feet of new chicken coops, totaling 43 new structures, which would be 54-0 wide and 500-0 long. This new expansion would increase the number of chicken coops from 7 to 50 chicken coops. The new barns would be built in one phase with three additional single-family rural residences for guarding purposes. The ranch is located at 16445 Laurel Ave., Stratford.

Bird flu spreads west

Chicken owners are warned to take bird flu precautions. The highly contagious bird flu has infected or killed wild and domestic birds in 29 states. More recently, it has been found in western states like Idaho and Utah, but not in California.

Maurice Pitesky, a poultry specialist at the University of California, Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, urges owners of commercial and backyard chickens to take precautions. He recommends preventing chickens and other poultry from being exposed to waterfowl and wild birds that can carry the infection.

Avian flu, or HPAI virus, does not affect humans. Due to a national outbreak of avian influenza, otherwise known as bird flu, egg prices have nearly doubled over the past year.

First appearing in Canada last fall, the flu has ravaged industrial flocks and has now been detected in a wide variety of North American wild birds, alarming environmentalists.

Solar Panels: Residents of Kings County have put solar panels on their homes, according to statistics from the Construction Monitor website. Through mid-April, Kings County has authorized 579 permits for rooftop solar panels worth $9.5 million. That’s almost double the number for each of the last three years to the same date. Before the pandemic, homeowners in Kings County were allowing 302 panels as of mid-April 2019.

High speedd Rail’s the next major span will be south of the highway. 198 with the planned construction of an overpass (bridge) nearly half a mile 30 feet over Cross Creek before returning to ground level past the old Baker Commodities building (HSR built a new one not far from here). The viaduct will connect to the planned elevated high-speed rail station across Depression 198. The Cross Creek project has just received all environmental approvals. It is located east of the BNSF railroad and west of SR 43.

Speaking of spans – you don’t have to worry about heading to the coast this summer due to the Highway 41 bridge closure near Stratford. This CalTrans project has been postponed until next year. The SR 41 and Stratford Bridge Replacement Project has been delayed until September 2023 with the road closed until March 2024 and outreach meetings for affected communities are scheduled.

Fresno-based dairy farmers will integrate two Volvo VNR electric trucks into its fleet – the first battery-electric Class 8 commercial trucks to be deployed in the Central Valley. The units will be the first Class 8 battery-electric vehicles in the company’s fleet of more than 300 trucks and will serve regional distribution routes from its Fresno-based manufacturing plant to grocery stores in communities along the 40-mile stretch. miles from Highway 99 from Selma. in Madeira.

The project was supported by funding from the California Air Resources Board. Producers Dairy received $1.25 million to purchase, install and integrate two electric trucks into its largest fleet.

The Tahoe Snow Lab said “What an April, because we saw more snow on the mountains than we saw in November, January, February and March combined!” Still some hope that California might see some storms in early May.


Faraday faces new NASDAQ deadline and SEC investigation |  John Lindt

CaliforniaPetroleum Law: In one of California’s biggest food battles since Napa winemakers won exclusive rights to their region’s name on wine bottles, a new state law is punishing companies that use the California name to sell olive oil produced in other countries. according to the Los Angeles Times.

Food prices will rise by an average of 5.5% this year, the highest supermarket inflation rate since 2008, the agriculture ministry said on Monday. Blame a farmer for the high cost of your breakfast menu? All sorts of reasons – bird flu, the collapse of the orange industry in Florida due to citrus green disease, huge demand for dairy products around the world coupled with a drop in production, record high corn prices, record prices for oil, gas and diesel, and then there is the drought.

How about that cup of coffee? Coffee prices have risen for 17 consecutive months. Coffee consumption in the United States has reached a 20-year high, according to the National Coffee Association. The NCA’s Spring National Coffee Data Trends 2022 report found that 60% of the US population drinks coffee every day, an increase of 14% since January 2021. Add to that good demand and falling supply. partly due to extreme water events, it seems. A report notes that in 2021, frost and drought hit coffee crops in Brazil, the world’s largest exporter, with losses estimated at around 10 million bags, more than a third of annual coffee purchases in the USA.

As for the bacon – all meat prices are on the rise because the industry has consolidated. Ground beef prices increased nearly 13%; pork – including ribs and roasts, increased by 14.22%; chops saw their price increase by 14.5%; prices for bacon and breakfast sausages jumped almost 16%. Meanwhile, “customer demand continues to exceed our ability to supply product,” Tyson Foods CEO Donnie King said on a quarterly earnings call.

Hurtado bill would help farm workers

Sen. Melissa Hurtado (D-Sanger) held a press conference earlier this month on Senate Bill 1066 — the Farmworker Drought Resilience Pilot Project — which will provide assistance to eligible farmworkers who have been affected by drought. It would provide unconditional monthly cash payments of $1,000 for three years to eligible farm workers, with the aim of lifting them out of poverty.

“The ongoing drought, lack of investment in water infrastructure, unbalanced Water Board regulations and the current situation in Ukraine are all impacting our food system in ways we have never seen. or even felt,” Senator Hurtado said.

“Now is the time to invest in and support our food system, and to do that, we need to invest in our agricultural workers. We have seen significant losses to the California economy, and in 2021 alone, the drought caused $1.2 billion in direct costs to the agriculture industry and the loss of over 8,500 jobs. Nowhere has the impact of the drought been felt more than here in the Central Valley by our farm workers.

“Agricultural workers have suffered more than ever, as they have lost vital opportunities and working hours, and I intend for SB 1066 to provide them with much-needed assistance so they can meet their basic needs. We need to provide this drought relief now – not just when it comes to extra pay, but also making sure they have the water they need for their homes and their health, and to continue the work they need. they do to provide us all with healthy and nutritious food.

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Hard-hitting campaign targets use of soy in poultry https://dsharma.org/hard-hitting-campaign-targets-use-of-soy-in-poultry/ Mon, 25 Apr 2022 14:05:48 +0000 https://dsharma.org/hard-hitting-campaign-targets-use-of-soy-in-poultry/ Retailers must help create a market for local protein crops and make UK farmers less dependent on imported soybeans, according to the Soil Association. The organic promotion body has launched a campaign targeting soy produced on deforested land in Brazil, using pesticides banned in Britain. However, although the message supports British agriculture, the hard-hitting headline […]]]>

Retailers must help create a market for local protein crops and make UK farmers less dependent on imported soybeans, according to the Soil Association.

The organic promotion body has launched a campaign targeting soy produced on deforested land in Brazil, using pesticides banned in Britain.

However, although the message supports British agriculture, the hard-hitting headline of the campaign – Stop Poisoned Poultry – focuses on the UK broiler sector.

See also: Britain braces for food crisis as rising costs hammer farmers

The sector is the main agricultural user of soya and the campaign highlights the 1 million tonnes imported to feed broilers in the UK every year.

The Soil Association said rising global demand for soybeans has prompted Brazil to increase its soybean production, increasing the need for chemical crop controls.

Since 1990, the use of pesticides has increased by 900% in Brazil, with almost two-thirds applied to soybeans, the organization added.

These pesticides are often not authorized for use in the UK due to their risks to the environment and humans, with 70,000 poisonings in Brazil each year.

Farmers are not guilty

Despite the dramatic title of the campaign, Soil Association campaigns adviser Cathy Cliff said British poultry farming was not to blame.

The poisonings are not the fault of UK farmers and soya was a nutritionally sound choice, Ms Cliff said.

“Our farmers should be able to buy food that does not harm biodiversity and communities. Now is the time to invest in UK protein crops and reduce our reliance on imported soybeans.

“Enabling our farmers to source animal feed closer to home will not only create a more resilient agricultural sector, but will protect nature and the climate,” said Ms Cliff.

And, growing more pulse crops here would also help reduce reliance on artificial fertilizers and improve soil health, she said.

The Soil Association has launched a petition alongside the campaign, calling on retailers to phase out hazardous pesticides from their soy supply chain by 2030.

The organization is also asking retailers to commit to developing alternative foods, with the aim of reducing the use of soy in rations from 20% to 10% by 2030.

wide of the mark

But the head of the Confederation of Agricultural Industries’ feed sector, James McCulloch, said some of the Soil Association’s claims were far from the truth.

The UK sources sustainably grown soybeans from countries like Canada and the US, McCulloch pointed out. When imported from Latin America, the soy comes from farms certified under the soy moratorium in the Amazon.

The certification systems used also include standards for good environmental and agricultural practices, he added.

‘This soy has a premium to reward growers, so the UK is already directly promoting best practice,’ Mr McCulloch suggested.

As an added safety measure, all materials going into animal feed are tested and must meet strict requirements for minimum pesticide residue limits, he said.

This acts as an additional barrier to the supply of animal feed that has been produced to lower standards.

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Chaka Uzondu: on poultry manure and the National Fertilizer Board https://dsharma.org/chaka-uzondu-on-poultry-manure-and-the-national-fertilizer-board/ Sat, 23 Apr 2022 10:57:51 +0000 https://dsharma.org/chaka-uzondu-on-poultry-manure-and-the-national-fertilizer-board/ A farm worker shows fertilizer before spreading it in a soybean field, near Brasilia, Brazil February 15, 2022. Picture taken February 15, 2022. REUTERS/Adriano Machado Poultry manure is promoted by representatives of the Ministry of Food (MoFA) and Cocobod. They encourage farmers to switch to poultry manure in the face of the scarcity and high […]]]>

A farm worker shows fertilizer before spreading it in a soybean field, near Brasilia, Brazil February 15, 2022. Picture taken February 15, 2022. REUTERS/Adriano Machado

Poultry manure is promoted by representatives of the Ministry of Food (MoFA) and Cocobod. They encourage farmers to switch to poultry manure in the face of the scarcity and high cost of inorganic chemical fertilizers.

Then, in March of this year, the National Fertilizer Council (NFC) Board of Directors was inaugurated. Both are potentially positive developments. It is good that state actors encourage the use of poultry manure by farmers. It is well known that manures do what synthetic fertilizers cannot – build soil structure sustainably.

The production of organic fertilizers in Ghana is long overdue. This government has now established a National Fertilizer Council, suggesting, at a minimum, that there is a growing momentum for local fertilizer production.

But there is work to be done by active citizens, including farmers. The promotion of poultry manure and the inauguration of a Council also highlight important issues for critical discussion and action.

Does the recent promotion of poultry manure by different state actors signal a fundamental change from the promotion of synthetic fertilizer use by the Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA)? Is there a growing awareness that for Ghana’s agriculture to be not only “productive” in the reductionist sense of yield per hectare, but to be sustainable, especially in the context of climate change, there needs to be more emphasis on improving soil health? Manures and compost, not synthetic fertilizers, regardless of their “scientific” design or application, will always be better for soil structure and health.

If there is a nationwide move away from synthetic fertilizers, some may ask, “Is there enough manure? There are more important questions to ask, such as; other than manure, how can we improve soil health and fertility? And do farmers use important practices – for example green manures, nitrogen-fixing crops and the integration of crop cultivation with livestock – sufficiently intensively on farms, especially large-scale commercial farms? scale ?

With synthetic fertilizer prices rising, policymakers need alternatives and they want them now. Poultry manure can potentially contribute to soil health and fertility, but it is not enough.

Here is the Fertilizer Council and plans for a fertilizer production company. Questions need to be asked. Is the National Fertilizer Board designed to promote local production of organic fertilizers by Ghanaian companies? Are there real smallholder farmers on the Council’s new board? Why is there among its board members a representative of YaraGhana, a subsidiary of Yara, the Norwegian multinational, which is one of the world’s largest producers of synthetic fertilizers?

If the MoFA remains committed to promoting industrial agriculture, there will be no sustained commitment to the use of organic manure and fertilizers. The call for the use of manure will only be a measure for desperate times. Indeed, a representative of Yara and fertilizer importers sit on the council’s board, suggesting that promoting local production of synthetic fertilizers is likely to be its primary focus. And surely, since Ghana is an oil producing society, many will see Ghana producing synthetic fertilizers as a good thing. Synthetic fertilizers are after all a by-product of fossil fuels, so producing them in Ghana might seem like a logical step in the right direction. But choosing this path requires forgetting that synthetic fertilizers are a major producer of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and therefore a major contributor to climate change.

The transformation of the agricultural sector is necessary. However, the transformation cannot be based on an agricultural system dependent on synthetic fertilizers. These cause too much land degradation and pollution. Ghana needs an agriculture and food system that provides nutritious food, creates quality jobs and has no (or at least minimal) negative impact on the environment.

In the face of chemical fertilizer shortages, here are four steps to take now: (1) provide substantial cash rewards to existing agroecological and organic farmers to help them increase production; (2) develop a farm-to-market transport support system to help farmers get food to markets at fair prices for farmers as well as minimize post-harvest losses and (3) support food-sharing schemes. organized by farmers and (4) establish an incentive program for farmers interested in transforming their farm through agroecology (with explicit criteria for practices such as the use of green manures). See, for example, a recent initiative by the UK government in response to rising global fertilizer prices.

These recommendations are not quick fixes. There is no shortcut. It’s time to rethink our entire food system and start changing it so that we have adequate quality, nutritious food for all and that smallholder farmers thrive. It’s time for food sovereignty.

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Chaka Uzondu (PhD) is a researcher and policy analyst. His writings cover topics ranging from agroecology, climate change, economic justice, food sovereignty, health, housing, ecology/political economy and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH).

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Guidelines for the construction of poultry houses | Monitor https://dsharma.org/guidelines-for-the-construction-of-poultry-houses-monitor/ Sat, 16 Apr 2022 09:00:00 +0000 https://dsharma.org/guidelines-for-the-construction-of-poultry-houses-monitor/ Some of the people who received 20% of their savings from the NSSF asked Seeds of Gold how they can successfully invest their money in poultry farming. While seeking advice, Moses Omongole from Jinja district says he wants to invest his money in raising chickens, preferably layers and broilers as they mature faster. The article […]]]>

Some of the people who received 20% of their savings from the NSSF asked Seeds of Gold how they can successfully invest their money in poultry farming.

While seeking advice, Moses Omongole from Jinja district says he wants to invest his money in raising chickens, preferably layers and broilers as they mature faster.

The article below will help Omongole and others on how to build a chicken coop before stocking the birds.

One of the major requirements for farmers who want to get into poultry and chicken farming is the need to house the birds. The poultry farmer must decide what type of housing to build for his chickens, depending on the scale and objectives of the poultry project.

In the early 1900s there was no specified chicken coop as we see today. They were housed in barns with other animals or in a separate house. In Africa they slept in the kitchen area and were left foraging during the day.

The birds were not protected against the undesirable elements, hence the mortality rate reaching 40%. During the cold seasons, they would suffer from the cold. Likewise, they would suffer from unfavorable heat during hot seasons.

The need for keeping poultry and chickens

Annet Kabasindi, a livestock agronomist, says poultry, like any other living creature, needs shelter. “Whether the chickens are free-range, on pasture, or caged, the poultry keeper will need to house the poultry in a way that protects the birds from inclement weather, including heat, rain, and wind,” she says.

Kabasindi says farmers should ensure adequate feed for the birds. “The breeder is able to feed the chickens enough if they are housed,” she says.

Provide a safe place to lay eggs

Implement effective poultry disease control measures. The breeder is able to administer the vaccines and apply the biosecurity measures if the chickens are housed.

Protect the herd from predators and pests. Protection against animals that eat chicken or that can transmit diseases to the flock. Watch the chickens better. This includes measuring progress.

According to Kabasindi, the type of chicken coop depends on the stage of life and also on their purpose.

They include a brooder (used to keep laying chicks from 0 to about 8 weeks old), a grower house (used to house laying chicks from 9 to 18 weeks old), a brooder (used to house laying hens from 0 to 18 weeks old ). at 18 weeks), hen house (layers from 18 to 72 weeks) and hen house (for males and females in the right ratio. The purpose is mating).

The design of the open poultry house should follow certain factors in order to ensure optimum productivity of the poultry farm.

The length of the house should be in the east-west direction in order to avoid direct sunshine on the poultry

The total size of the house will depend on the number of birds you want to keep. If using the deep litter system, broilers will need one square foot while layers will need two square feet. For example, if you plan to keep 5,000 broilers in a single barn, the barn plan for the 5,000 chickens should cover 5,000 square feet. If you plan to keep 2,000 layers, the barn plan for 2,000 layers should cover 4,000 square feet.

There is no limit to the length of the chicken coop. This is determined by the number of chickens and the size of the plot

The recommended height for a chicken coop is six to seven feet (eaves) and 10 to 12 feet in the center. If you keep the bird in cages, the height is determined by the levels of the cages.

The width of a chicken coop in tropical regions should not exceed between 25 feet, in order to allow sufficient ventilation in the middle. If the width is more than 25 feet, there won’t be enough ventilation when it’s hot. If you intend to be wider than 25 feet, ridge venting with proper overhang in the middle is required.

Foundation of a chicken coop

It is important to have a well-made foundation in order to prevent water from entering the coop. The foundation should be concrete extending 1 to 1.5 feet below ground and 1 to 1.5 feet above ground.

The floor of a chicken coop should be concrete and free of any moisture. It should extend 1.5 feet outside the wall to deter vermin like rats and snakes

Doors should open to the outside of the barn. The preferred door size is six feet by 2.5 feet. At the entrance there should be a footbath.

The side walls of an open chicken coop should be 1 foot to 1.5 feet. The side wall will protect the chicken from extreme direct wind and rain.

The roof of a chicken coop can be made of any economical roofing material. It can be of any design that allows good air circulation and good water drainage when it rains. The roof overhang should be at least 3.5 feet to prevent rainwater from entering the house.

Lighting in a chicken coop.

Lighting should be placed seven to eight feet, hanging from the roof. Incandescent bulbs should be spaced 10 feet apart while fluorescent lights should be spaced 15 feet apart.

Based on factors such as type of climate, type of poultry farming, available labor, availability of land and cost of land, different poultry housing systems have been developed. They aim to achieve the desired levels of productivity in poultry.

The free-range system is one of the oldest poultry farming systems. It is making a comeback as the demand for organic poultry meat and eggs increases.

Under the free-range system, poultry are free to roam the land, in search of their own food. Water and shade are provided on the beach. At night, the birds can be housed in mobile chicken tractors or temporary structures erected on the range.

Open fields can be used in rotation after crop harvest, where birds are allowed to feed on the field without crops. Under the outdoor system, the recommended number of birds is 250 per hectare.

Under the semi-intensive system, the poultry farmer provides housing with adjoining pens where the birds can feed during the day.

The tracks have plants where the birds feed on the plants and feed on worms and other insects.

Birds receive additional water and feed. Tracks can be used in rotation to allow for plant growth. The recommended stocking density in the semi-intensive system is 750 birds per hectare.

Under the intensive poultry system, the birds are confined to their houses, cages, floor or slats. The intensive system is the most economical system in modern poultry farming because it supports the rearing of large numbers of birds.

The intensive poultry system is divided into several categories, depending on the type of housing. They are: deep litter system, slatted floor system, slatted floor combined with a litter system and a cage system. Deep litter and cage systems are the most common.

The deep litter coop system, as the name suggests, involves keeping the birds on the floor, with litter on the floor. The starting depth of litter is three to five inches, with litter added whenever the bird’s droppings seem to exceed the amount of litter.

The bedding material can be wood chips, rice husks, peanut shells, chopped rice straw, shredded sugarcane, or any other organic material that absorbs moisture well. This method is labor-saving since the bird droppings are never cleaned up. The litter should be agitated periodically. The most important activity in the deep litter system is keeping the litter dry.

Slatted floor system, also known as slotted floor system or mesh floor system, is an intensive poultry house system where the floor is made of slats/slots or wire mesh or metal rods. There are also plastic slats, manufactured in modular form, where they can be joined to cover any desired area.

The floor is raised three feet above the ground allowing droppings to fall through the hole in the slats or wire mesh. The slats are 2.5 cm to 5 cm wide pieces of wood, spaced 2.5 cm apart, crossing the width of the house. The stocking density for the slatted floor system is 5-8 birds per square meter.

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Argentina truckers’ strike talks break down https://dsharma.org/argentina-truckers-strike-talks-break-down/ Thu, 14 Apr 2022 06:23:18 +0000 https://dsharma.org/argentina-truckers-strike-talks-break-down/ Ongoing strike threatens grain exports April 14, 2022 2 minute read Grain truck drivers, industry groups and government officials in Argentina failed to make a breakthrough in talks on Wednesday to end a strike, threatening corn and soybean exports during the key harvest season. crops, Reuters reported. Truckers transporting grain have been on strike since […]]]>

Ongoing strike threatens grain exports


April 14, 2022

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2 minute read

Grain truck drivers, industry groups and government officials in Argentina failed to make a breakthrough in talks on Wednesday to end a strike, threatening corn and soybean exports during the key harvest season. crops, Reuters reported.

Truckers transporting grain have been on strike since Monday, which has virtually halted the transport of soybeans and corn to the main grain ports in the South American country. Truckers are demanding higher freight rates to offset rising fuel prices.

“Unfortunately, we were unable to end the strike,” Diego Giuliano, secretary for transport management, said in a statement.

Edgardo Aniceto, spokesman for the Federation of Argentine Transporters (FETRA), which represents truckers, confirmed that there was no agreement and that the strike would continue.

Argentina is the world’s leading exporter of oil and processed soybean meal and the second for maize. Harvests are being threshed after drought and frosts have already hampered production of the two cereals.

The strike has yet to affect export shipments, although port sources said the impact could be felt in the coming days if protests continue and grain supplies at port terminals run out. were exhausting.

“The lack of an agreement is seriously harming exporters; it is essential that the strike be lifted as soon as possible,” Gustavo Idigoras, head of the chamber of processors and exporters of cereals CIARA-CEC, told Reuters.

“We have 450,000 tons that cannot enter ports, 50 ships in line, huge logistics costs, and Easter is coming. This is going to lead to a total paralysis of shipments and currencies if this is not resolved before Monday. .”

Argentina has suffered for years from high inflation, which has accelerated around the world since Russia invaded Ukraine on February 24. The war drove up the prices of many basic commodities, including the cost of grain and fuel.

Argentina’s economy minister said on Monday that inflation in March would exceed 6%.

Trucks transport around 85% of Argentina’s grain shipments to ports, which typically results in busy roads in agricultural regions from April onwards.

This traffic has been reduced to almost nothing. Data from agricultural logistics firm AgroEntregas showed 13 trucks entered ports on Wednesday, down from 4,000 to 6,000 a day before the strike.

The Argentine Rural Society (SRA), a powerful agricultural body, said the two sides needed to move to reach an agreement.

“Until the strike is lifted and the government guarantees the supply of diesel at a transparent price, an agreement will not be possible,” said SRA secretary Carlos Odriozola.

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