Caring for crops in a changing climateNews
It can be difficult for farmers to cope with heavy summer monsoon rains, then an intense heat wave and now a typhoon.
These large fluctuations in temperature and precipitation require special measures to ensure adequate drainage and prevent disease.
Our Jeong Eun-joo looks at some of the ways farmers protect their crops.
Farmers start digging ditches as soon as the rain stops.
They are taking precautionary measures so that the crops are not flooded when it starts to rain again.
Today, farm workers take extra precautions to protect crops from unpredictable weather conditions.
Farmers are also installing deep drainage channels in case of water damage and spraying red pepper fields with disinfectants to prevent pests from swarming due to weather fluctuating between rain and intense heat.
If not taken care of in time, the roots can rot, and the stems and leaves can wither.
“When there is a heat wave after rain, rice should be irrigated to suppress temperature rises and field crops watered to control disease.”
In an orchard, if a large amount of moisture suddenly enters after a drought, the fruit can burst and spoil.
It is therefore important to keep soil moisture levels constant during the rainy season by covering the soil under the tree with a film.
Overgrown branches should be cut so that the flower buds can grow well.
Fire blight or a bacterium that can infect orchards also spreads easily during wet seasons, so orchards must be managed closely.
“To let the flower buds grow normally, it is advisable to remove overgrown branches or take measures to ensure that the tree receives enough sunlight, even indoors.”
If lesions are visible, it means the pests have already spread, so early monitoring is essential.
Jeong Eun-joo, Arirang News.